A study published in 2006 revealed that people remember only 20% of what they read and 10% of what they hear. In contrast, they remember 80% of what they see or do. With this, it is not surprising that traditional learning, based on memorization, presents more and more challenges of effectiveness and adherence.
To get around this, experiential learning arises. Putting practice to a new level, this is a collaborative and efficient way of learning in different environments. In this article, you will know everything you need to know about this learning. Keep reading and see more.
What is experiential learning?
Experiential learning consists of a learning method that is based on the empirical acquisition of knowledge. This means that instead of going through a process of teaching and memorization, the individual learns by experiencing and reacting to the different nuances of a situation.
Within a company, for example, it is possible to learn about resolving certain impediment of sale in practice. For this, in experiential learning the seller is placed in the situation and, after his experience, is able to acquire the knowledge necessary to solve that conflict.
Because of this practical feature, experiential learning does not have a teacher or a mentor, but rather a facilitator of the process. This person is responsible for offering and proposing the activities that generate the desired knowledge.
What are the stages of experiential learning?
While traditional learning is very focused on the practical and structured part of the concept being taught, experiential learning is strongly focused on practice.
Thus, the first stage consists of experiencing the experience in a complete way, so that the educative activities proposed reflect as much as possible the reality of the situation to be faced. Simulations, tests or even controlled experiences are possibilities at that moment.
Once the activity is developed, there should be a reflection on the practice. What has been learned in this situation? What is more important? What are the feelings generated by the experience? What can be done differently? This reflection can be done individually or collectively and with this critical thinking the learning begins to be fixed.
Then generalization is made. Based on the experience, conclusions are drawn that apply to other situations through comparisons or comparisons. It is this step that allows the knowledge to be repeated and scalable in different situations.
Finally, there is the application of what has been learned in practice. New activities can be carried out to apply concepts or the learning can be put into practice in everyday situations. If the whole process is done correctly, the result is that what has been learned generates beneficial results within real situations.
What are the advantages of experiential learning?
One of the greatest advantages of experiential learning is the speed of the whole process. Transmitting knowledge takes time and memory as well, which makes the process time-consuming and often ineffective. With this type of approach, on the other hand, the time between experiencing an experience and applying it decreases considerably.
Thus, in highly dynamic environments this type of learning is of great assistance, allowing the acquisition of knowledge in a simpler way. This type of approach also increases engagement and motivation. Because it is practical, individuals have much more agency over the whole process, being able to act and learn from their attitudes. This solves the problem of traditional learning, which is usually done on a one-way basis, with the teacher teaching the theory to the students.
In addition, experiential learning also allows the customization of teaching for different needs, as well as facilitating the evaluation process on the acquisition and acquisition of knowledge.
Experiential learning is the way to learn in practice, through experience and lived situations. This methodology is totally opposed to traditional learning based on theory and its memorization, and therefore is faster, engages more and, in a way, is also more effective.